The knee joint, which is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid, is the largest and one of the most important joint in the human body and more exposed to both acute injury and the development of osteoarthritis. It plays a crucial role in movements related to carrying the body weight like in running, walking and jumping. Consequently, a range of injuries to the knee joint and the structures supporting it can be caused by awkward movements, accidents like falls and collisions, sudden twists, excessive force or overuse.
Knee injury risk factors
Everyone can have knee problems – men and women of all ages, races and ethnic background. Knee injuries can be a result of a trauma or disease. Your risk of knee injury increases when you engage or participate in basketball, football, soccer, hockey, running, cycling, and other high impact sports. Moreover, a person is predisposed to knee injuries because of improper or faulty sport training.
Aging is another risk factor for knee injury. Due to osteoporosis and accidents, the elderly are at a higher risk for knee injuries. Women are also vulnerable to certain knee injuries because of their hip and femur anatomy, and the angle to which their knees are slanted. Body weight is another knee injury risk factor. Knee injuries can occur when more stress and pressure is placed on the lower extremity joints, especially befalling among overweight individuals.
Cause and Symptoms of Knee Injuries
Common knee injuries vary – as the result of a direct blow or sudden movements that strain the knee. The knee is sensitive to twisting or stretching injuries at a greater range of motion than it can tolerate where the knee ligaments and cartilage are the most commonly damaged structures. The most common knee injuries including
To have a clearer view on how knee injuries occur, the symptoms and treatment information, it is important to enumerate the most common knee injuries.
- Ligament Injuries – damage to the ligaments that support the joint
- Cartilage Injuries – damage to the cartilage lining the joint
- Muscle Injuries – damaged to the muscle fibres
- Kneecap Injuries – damage to the patella bone
Knee injury is also classified according to the affected anatomy of the knee and mechanism by which it was afflicted. Types of knee injury include knee sprain that occurs when ligament are stretched and torn either partially or completely; knee strain that occurs when tendons or muscles surrounding the knee are stretched; knee joint dislocation due to high-impact, large-force injuries to the knee such as sports or motor vehicle accidents; knee fractures resulting from direct blows to the bones; other overuse injuries due to an accumulation of repetitive damage to the knee structures; and congenital problems or improper mechanics of the knee movement.
Can Chiropractic Care help Knee Injuries?
If a knee injury does not resolve with the usual routine home care RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation), medical care should be considered especially if the injury has the following characteristics:
- Intolerable pain
- immediate swelling in the knee
- deformed bones
- inability to bear weight
- loss of sensation below the injury area
- foot and ankle turns cold and without pulses
Doctors of Chiropractic are excellent healthcare specialists when it comes to diagnosis and treatment of knee injuries both in chronic and acute knee conditions. Knee pain can be treated effectively through conservative chiropractic care such as soft tissue massage and adjustments which can restore the range of motion following knee cartilage injuries, as well as reduce swelling and inflammation in the affected or surrounding area. Improve the condition of your knees. A consultation with a chiropractor could be the best decision that you can do.