Types of Tennis Injuries and How to Avoid Them

Tennis is widely popular across different age groups and social circles. It is so simple and enjoyable that it can be played as a competitive sport or a hobby. As you try your best to keep fit, you should also be aware of the various risks that you face while on the court. Besides keeping you out of play for a while, an injury can be bad for your self-esteem. In this article, we look at some of the common tennis injuries and how to prevent them.

Types of tennis injuries

Tennis injuries are usually categorised into upper body and lower body. The common areas affected by injuries to the upper body include the shoulders, elbows, the back, and wrists. Lower-body injuries usually affect the knees and ankles. Injuries may happen because of poor technique, overworking, and traumatic incidents, for example, after a fall.

Upper body injuries

Too much activity around the shoulder joints can tear the surrounding muscles, leading to severe pain. Poor technique and a tight grip might lead to tennis elbow, an injury that runs along the upper part of the elbow. The wrists are among the most overworked body parts, leading to inflamed tendons. It is also possible to sprain the wrists when during a fall. Back injuries are usually a result of poor serving technique.

Lower body injuries

Because they do a lot of running around, tennis players are bound to suffer an ankle injury at some point in their playing career. An ankle sprain usually starts a popping sound, followed by intense pain and swelling. Excessive jumping can cause a tear in the muscles supporting the kneecap. The area around the tear usually swells, followed by severe pain.

Managing and preventing injuries

Some of the injuries can be treated at home, while severe ones may need to checked by a qualified professional. Dr. Malcolm Conway, a sports physio, suggests the following exercise to treat tennis elbow at home.

● Get a towel and fold it as if you are making a whip.

● Place your arms on both ends and stretch them wide as if you are riding a bike.

● With both arms outstretched, twist your wrists in opposite directions to as far as you can.

The following measures can keep you from suffering injuries during your games:

Pick the right equipment

The right shoes can help to prevent ankle injuries. Choose the right tennis racquet to avoid stressing your shoulders and elbow. Get a pair of padded socks for your ankles or use braces for extra support. Avoid using wet balls since they may also cause muscle strains.

Practice your technique

It is important to know your body so that you can work the best way to avoid injury. During a toss, for instance, it is important that you find a range that suits your height. Take proper breaks in between exercises to give your body enough recovery time. Understand the weak points in your body and treat them with extra attention when playing.

Warm up before matches

A dynamic warm-up exercise should prepare the body for the excessive stress it will undergo on the court. Warm-up exercises help to activate and build muscle resistance. They also help to improve flexibility and motion within the joints.

The injuries should not keep you from taking to the court. Tennis has one of the lowest injury statistics around the world. If you have any questions about a prevailing condition, we recommend talking to a sports physio before you hit the court.

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