What is Scoliosis? What are the benefits of spinal physio

The spine is a unique and important part of our system. Though the spine is delicate, it also has special conditions such as Scoliosis. It comes as a result of a sideways curvature that usually occurs during growth spurt period that is just before puberty. Its caused by other conditions which include muscular dystrophy. It’s a condition that affects approximately 2% of the world’s population. It’s believed that at least 10% of this population with scoliotic curvature, are severe.



The naming depends on the position the apex of curvature of the spine occurs. The best time for you to scan for this condition is during early adolescence and the ages of between 11 to 14. If not treated during the puberty period or just before it, your condition may escalate during adulthood.


Types and Causes of Scoliosis

  • Functional – it may develop during adulthood, many times it comes as a result of injury or continuous practice of asymmetrical activities.
  • Structural – it’s a condition that is genetically acquired. It depends on the history of the family specifically from the side of females. This property gives you a high probability of you having it eventually. Also known as idiopathic, it usually develops during the early adolescence period which is between 11 and 14 ages with females being the most affected compared to males. Progression also occurs mostly in females compared to males.
  • Phytology-related – known to affect people with neuromuscular conditions or may be as a result of a serious injury on the spinal cord.


Signs and symptoms

This condition has physical signs and hidden symptoms. The most common physical signs in children that have passed the age of 8yrs that parents should be aware of include ;

  • Bending to one side
  • Uneven shoulders
  • The prominence of one shoulder than the other
  • Unproportioned hips


Other symptoms include ;

  • Pain on the areas above imbalances.
  • Tightness and soreness on the spine
  • Trouble with deep breaths


The Diagnosis

Doctors and physiotherapists, while going with the normal routine clinical examination they scan for this condition.

The physiotherapist scans parts of your body such as the spine, rib cage, legs, spine, legs and feet for deformation.

When there’s a valid curvature on the spine detected, you may be recommended to visit an orthopaedic spine specialist.



Its treated with the following methods:

  • Regular postural assessment
  • Setting up and following specific exercise programmes
  • Releasing the soft tissue to enable muscle relaxation.
  • Spinal physiotherapy


Spinal physiotherapy

Spinal physiotherapy involves an organised step of exercises for your help to recover. Your physiotherapist will begin with exercises that work on strength and flexibility optimisation. These exercises cover areas around the shoulder and hip region.


Importance of Spinal physio


  • The spinal physio contributes greatly to spinal alignment.
  • It helps to restore normal spine range of motion, muscle strength, endurance, muscle length and core ability.



If the condition is discovered early, it’s manageable. Also with the right therapy, the condition will be controlled, and you will be better. It would help if you also considered avoiding postures that affect your spine.


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